Animals

Symptoms of tick bites in the dog and consequences

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Ticks that attack the dog are more dangerous in summer, when temperatures are higher

  • Author: By EVA SAN MARTÍN
  • Last update: May 11, 2016

The ticks that attack the dog wake up in summer, with rising temperatures. This article describes Four simple steps to end the ticks of the dog: do not neglect the dog's bath, choose the appropriate antiparasitic product, remove the tick when it has already adhered to the skin and heal the wound to the furry friend.

Dog ticks, more dangerous in summer

Ticks wake up in summer. The high temperatures that characterize the summer season are conducive to these dangerous parasites are activated and, therefore, try to get hooked on the dog's skin in order to feed.

Dog ticks can be prevented with baths and the use of antiparasitics

Ticks are, along with fleas, the most frequent external parasites in the dog. Small in size - they measure a few millimeters - and with eight legs, they feed on the blood of the affected animal. When they reach their body, these spider family parasites cling to the dog's skin thanks to a powerful jaw. The ticks then bite the animal and feed on their blood, with the risk of infections and from transmitting some disease to the furry friend.

The following is explained, in four stepswhat to do for zoom out, avoid and eliminate dog ticks.

1. The dog's bathroom drives away ticks

The first guideline to ward off dog ticks is the bathroom: the hygiene with water and soap for dogs It is one of the keys to prevent ticks.

In puppies as a dog, however, extreme precautions must be taken, since wetting canine pups is not always possible. "Baths in puppies that have not yet finished their vaccination schedule should be avoided, provided that these may be the cause of a cooling in the animal," explains veterinarian Alfonso Risoto. When necessary, the health hazards of the puppy should be minimized. A dryer, applied about 30 centimeters away, is an efficient way to avoid constipation of the delicate dog.

2. Ticks in dogs, products to prevent them

The products of external deworming allow to distance the ticks and protect the dog. The methods of fighting ticks in dogs are numerous: from the classics collars and pipettes of subcutaneous application to aerosols, which are sprayed on the hair of the four-legged friend, with immediate action. There are also products, such as shampoos and other antiparasitic lotions for dogs, which can be part of the usual routine of animal bathing.

The puppiesHowever, they may still be too sensitive to withstand the action of these ointments. Some of the antiparasitic can not be used in puppies less than three months. The veterinarian can advise which is the best and what to do in each case.

3. Ticks in dogs: how to remove them?

Ticks await the passage of the dog between grasses and bushes. Therefore, precautions to distance them from the dog are not always enough. So it is not strange that an animal, especially if it has long hair, returns with some of these parasites home after walks.

Once it is already attached to the skin, what to do to remove the dog's tick? The key is in Don't venture if you're not sure of knowing how to extract the dog's tick. The insect binds strongly to the canine skin, so that part of its body can remain inside, with the consequent infection for the animal. In this case, the guideline is to go to the veterinarian.

If the tick has not yet joined the skin of the dog, it is possible to catch it with some hair clips or a piece of toilet paper, always by the legs.

4. Heal the dog's wound

The tick bites, so it causes wounds on the skin of the dog. Therefore, after eliminating the parasite, the wound of the dog must be healed carefully.

The first step consists of clean the affected area by the tick, with soap and warm water. Then, we will have to disinfect the cut with iodine antiseptic, reduced before with a similar proportion of water, mixed with the help of a closed boat that is shaken.

The next step is to leave air the wound caused by the tick on the dog's skin, taking care that the animal does not have access to it. In the most serious cases, it may be useful to resort to an Elizabethan collar.

Symptoms that your dog has ticks

It is easy to observe the ticks attached to our dog's skin, especially females full of eggs that have finished feeding, of a brown or grayish color and oval shape. The visualization can be difficult if the dog has long hair, although probably petting a small bulge, and discover the tick to remove the hair.

Despite their host's blood-based diet, it is very difficult for them to cause anemiain our dog, except massive infestations. Generally they do not produce any discomfort or itching, although sometimes you can reach infect the wound that generates the mouth apparatus of the tick, especially if it has not been removed correctly and remains have been left inside the animal's skin.

Transmission of tick bite diseases

The true importance of a infestationon by ticks, and its worst consequences, are due to the Transmission ofinfectious diseases through their saliva, since they act as vectors or vehicles of pathogens, some of which also affect the Humans. Not all ticks carry them, but some can even transport more than one agent.

The transmission of these diseases is exclusively through the tick, never through contact with our dog. Some of the most frequent are:

  • Babesiosis (piroplasmosis): produced by protozoa that parasitize red blood cells, causing anemia, fever, lethargy, anorexia, jaundice (yellow mucous membranes), and dark urine. It can be deadly for our dog.
  • Ehrlichiosis: caused by bacteria that attack white blood cells, produce apathy, dyspnea (respiratory distress), fever, bleeding and vomiting.
  • Anaplasmosis: produced by bacteria that parasitize white blood cells and platelets, causes lethargy, fever, lameness, bleeding, diarrhea and vomiting.
  • Lyme borreliosis: He has a fever, lameness, and even kidney disease, and it can affect the human being.

The importance of healing a tick bite well in dogs

In case our dog has caught a tick, it will not only be important to eliminate it. Too it will be essential to heal the wound that has caused.

This is because the result of that tick bite is an open wound and, therefore, exposed to infections.

In addition, after the attack of these parasites, your dog can present a lump on your skin. This may be due to two things.

One of the reasons is that there an uncured infection that has caused a lump of pus. Another, that when removing the tick has remained the jaw is under the skin of our dog. In that case it will be necessary to extract it correctly.

How do I heal tick wounds?

First, at the time of removing the tick (or ticks, if there is more than one) you have to disinfect each bite.

To do this, use a gauze and a disinfectant. You can choose between: alcohol of the same that we use for our wounds (as long as the bite is not very close to eyes and mucous membranes), iodine diluted in a little water or warm water with a neutral soap.

In the case of alcohol and iodine, the gauze must be soaked in the chosen product and apply in taps Over the wounds

If what you want is to use the soap to clean, apply it with a little water, let it act no more than 10 minutes and remove the entire product with plenty of warm water.

How many times a day should I cure my dog?

These cures should be repeated 3 times a day.

In the case of soap and alcohol it is not necessary to do anything before healing again, but if you have used iodine.

Before reapplying, you will have to clean the previous remains with a wet gauze and let the tick wound air a few minutes. Then, you can perform the cure again.

We know that your dog is uncomfortable and it hurts to see you with a bell, but it is very important that you put it on. In this way you will prevent licking wounds, especially after having put a disinfectant on it.

But in addition to all this, it will be very important that you take your dog to the vet. As we know, ticks can transmit certain diseases, with which, with some exams we can verify that it is not affected by any.

Can I use any home remedy for tick bites in dogs?

Of course! There are certain products that you have at home that you can apply on your dog's skin with a positive effect.

  • Honey An is antiseptic that helps hydrate the skin. You can apply a little of it on the wounds and cover them for a while. Repeat 2 or 3 times.up to date cleaning the previous application first and you will see its good results.
  • The beneficial effects of aloe vera In the skin of humans and animals it is 100% proven. You can use it to cure tick bites in dogs by applying your gel in the wound until it is absorbed and repeating the action at least 3 times a day.
  • Chamomile It is another home remedy that you can use. Make an infusion well loaded and, once cold, dips gauze on it and place them on the wounds. When they dry, remove them and wash the area with warm water and neutral soap.
  • On the other hand, if the wound is already infected, crushed garlic can be used as an antimicrobial and thyme and rosemary as a disinfectantand as an anti-inflammatory. Even so, in this case, we strongly recommend visiting the veterinarian so that can prescribe proper treatment, since the situation is more serious.

Our dear friends suffer a lot with the tick wounds, so we have to help them recover as soon as possible.

In addition to being aware of your injuries, pay attention to possible symptoms strangers, then, as we have said, there may be an infection or disease caused by the parasite.

5 steps to eliminate and prevent fleas and ticks in dogs

Does your dog have ticks or fleas? Poor dogs sometimes grab ticks or fleas and have a hard time. In some cases they may have a few, but in other cases it is horrible. They scratch, cause injuries or allergic reactions ... An ordeal for our furry friends. With these tips, you are sure to eliminate them completely and avoid having them again. Courage, for them!

In summer or in hot weather places there is a significant increase in these infestations

-In hot places we must be even more alert, because they can have them more easily. Fleas or ticks they cause dogs a great feeling of discomfortgiving them much itching and irritation to your skin, and maybe sometimes trigger allergic reactions.

Further, These parasites are able to spread diseases. That's why we must take care and prevent in advance that they can grab them. If you see that your dog scratches more than normal, he probably has fleas or ticks.

1. Examine the dog and remove (by hand) the ticks we see

-If this can with you, you can skip this step, but really your dog will thank you from the heart if you do it for him. First We will take a look at our dog in case it has ticks that we can remove manually. To do so, we must check with our hand if you have packages in your body and go separating the hair with a comb to observe (in case of dog with dense fur). If you have short fur, look carefully at the whole dog.

-We must start at the top of the dog's back and descend on each side to his chest and belly. The places we must make sure to check They are: Neck, chin, upper face, between toes, ears (inside, outside and surroundings), armpits, belly, chest, tail and legs.

The utensils that we may need are:

-Pine tips to tear the ticks or toilet paper If we do it by hand.
-Recipient with alcohol (to throw the ticks or fleas that we remove and kill them) or simply with a stone to crush them.
-Transparent tape (fixo) preferably of the widths of packing boxes, to catch and glue the fleas so that they do not escape and scuffle them later.
-A very fine barbed comb to comb the dog and grab fleas.
-Iodopovidone (Betadine) mixed with water and cotton to put in the parts where we have plucked a tick.

2. Wash our dog, important

-If you have ticks or fleas, one of the main things we will do is wash it, always with a Special shampoo for dogs. What he will do is drag a good part of them and sanitize it. Later we will only have to wash them once a month. It is a recommended period of time, unless it has become too dirty and sometime we should wash it again before this period of time. Wet them only with water we can do it more often without problem.We should not wash them in excess, well They would lose the natural fat layer of their skin. Remember then dry it well, with towel and dryer.

-We must carry Watch out for puppies when bathing them. If they have not finished the vaccination period it will be better to wait until they finish before giving them a bath, unless it is something essential. If we wash them, we must dry them perfectly with towel and dryer (at a minimum distance of 30 cm) since they can get cold and get sick.

3. Heal your wounds (if you had) by scratching too much

- By scratching the itching dogs can get hurt. Use a mixture of water +Iodopovidone (Betadine) to apply to your wounds. We can apply it with gauze, cotton or with a stick (cotonete) of the ears Also use this solution to cure every place where we have removed the fleas.

4. Use special products to scare away and prevent fleas and ticks

-Exist pipettes, flea / tick collars, flea sprays, lotions, shampoos…etc. Thanks to these products We will be distancing fleas and ticks and protect our dog. But in puppies we must be more careful, because they do not recommend some products Being very young. We can consult the veterinarian which ones he recommends.

-WATCH OUT: Avoid spraying or applying any type of spray, lotion or pipette near open wounds, this land it would cause a lot of stinging and is not good.

A product that is usually recommended (even in puppies) is "Frontline Spray"

It is indicated for the treatment and prevention of infestations of fleas, ticks and lice spray, topical use. It is valid for both dogs and cats. Simply protect eyes and ears of the animal and spray according to the instructions (depending on the weight we will have to give more or less sprays) to one distance of about 10-15 cm.

5. Use or try home remedies to eliminate fleas and ticks

- Especially if your dog cannot receive chemical treatments, these natural methods will surely help you:

-Chamomile: Is One of the most effective home remedies and great natural repellent. We will prepare a infusion with several chamomile flowers or with a prepared chamomile bag. Once it is warm, we will apply it with a cotton pad, gauze pad or make-up remover in the affected areas. The parasites will start to run away. Remember to disinfect the house, eliminate what you can see or do it outside so that they cannot stay inside the house.

- Boil sliced ​​citrus in water: Can be orange, lemon, grapefruit, lime... A few slices in plenty of water. Once it cools, spray it on the affected areas of the dog, and even applies to the corners and corners of the house.

-Apple vinager: Excellent for the extermination of ticks. We will mix by equal parts water and vinegar and with a cotton or cloth we will wet our dog, letting it act. It can be done as Last rinse when washing our dog.

Remember to check your dog regularly and go to the vet for regular tests to see if he is healthy. Consult your veterinarian before administering a product to ensure that it does not cause any complications.

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