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- Height: 9-12 inches
- Weight: 8-13 lb
- Life expectancy: 14-16 years
- Group: AKC non-sports group
- The most suitable for: Families with children, singles, elderly, apartments, houses with / without yards
- Temperament: Lively, playful, intelligent, affectionate
- Comparable races: Bichon Frize, Maltese
Fundamentals of Coton de Tulear
The Coton de Tulear can trace its roots to the island of Madagascar more than three centuries ago. Some say that the arrival of Coton in Madagascar was due to a shipwreck that had the race on board. Named for its cotton coat, as well as the port city of Tulear (known today as Toliara) in Madagascar, the Coton would accompany women on sea voyages and were also used to catch rats in these ships. Known as the "royal dog of Madagascar," it was owned by the nobility and ordinary people alike.
In the 1970s, several Cotons were taken to France, where their popularity quickly gained. Soon they headed to North America, but they are still considered a rare breed.
Food / Diet
It is important to feed your small dry croquette Coton de Tulear from the beginning. Check the bag to see if the food includes high quality ingredients. Depending on the food you buy, your Coton will need about 3/4 cup of kibble per day, divided into two meals.
Coton de Tulear is a real pleasure for people and will want to please you when it comes to training.
Coton de Tulear is a real pleasure for people and will want to please you when it comes to training. Because this breed is intelligent, you will find that your Coton returns to basic training quickly. Use positive training techniques and be sure to reward him with praise, games and treats. After mastering the basics, move on to other challenges, such as agility training, dancing with dogs and follow-up exercises.
Although they are easy to train, Coton may have trouble choosing the best points in the house. Crate training will help your dog learn where it is good to do your business.
A small breed, Coton de Tulear's weight ranges from 8 to 13 pounds.
Temperament / Behavior
Happy and bustling, Coton de Tulear wants nothing more than to please his people. He will form strong ties with his family, which means he cannot be separated from them for a long time. This can lead to separation anxiety.
Your Coton can be pretty clown. They can walk on their hind legs and often tilt their heads to the side when they listen. This is also a vocal race: your Coton will talk to you with grunts and grunts, and you'll like it when you have a conversation with him.
Although they look like fluffy and delicate stuffed animals, the Cotons are tough dogs that like to wallow. And because of his small size (and his past sailor), he likes to travel.
Coton loves children of all ages. He will play happily playing with children: capture is a favorite hobby. This breed also gets along well with other animals in the home or found in the dog park.
The exercise needs of Coton de Tulear are not excessive. A daily walk will suffice with your needs. He also loves to play, so expect him to bring you a toy for a game full of fun. He can play inside or outside while in a fenced yard. This dog works well in smaller spaces, as long as you play with it and take it for a walk.
Happy and bustling, Coton de Tulear wants nothing more than to please his people.
The Coton de Tulear is being registered in the AKC Stock Stock Service. The AKC offers this service to allow purebred races to continue to develop while providing them with the assurance of a reliable and reputable way to keep their records. FSS® races are not eligible for AKC registration. Several of the FSS races are approved to compete in AKC Companion Events and AKC Performance Events.
Coton de Tulear's coat is similar to cotton, and should be long, soft, flexible and dense. It can grow up to 4 inches long, once they reach adulthood.
The main color in the coat of this breed is white, with slight shades of gray or red roan (mixture of white hair and fawn) in the ears. Many puppies are born with black or brown markings on their faces and bodies. These marks usually darken to gray or light brown after about 2 years. However, black or brown patches can remain quite dark during the dog's life.
The Coton does not shed much, but you will have to brush three or four times a week. This will help reduce the mat.
Although the origins of this breed are dark, it is known that it developed in southern Madagascar, probably from various Bichon races brought to the island by European navigators and merchants.
In the 16th century the Coton de Tuléar was first described by Etienne de Flacourt, who baptized them with the name we all know because of their appearance (coton is cotton in French). For years he was considered a symbol of power and luxury by the privileged classes.
The development of tourism on the island in the 1980s helped to popularize this breed first in Europe and later in the rest of the world. Despite this, the Coton is still a difficult dog to find.
This happy and bustling dog is always a great companion. He develops strong ties with family members and has a really bad time if he has to separate from us. This overflowing darling It is not limited to the inhabitants of the house, but also extends to the guests.
In fact, the Coton de Tuléar tends to think that any new person is a potential friend and playmate. This, together with its little or no aggressiveness, makes it not particularly appropriate as a watchdog.
However, these same characteristics make him an inseparable friend of the children of the house who You have no problem sharing your space with other dogs, even if it has not been socialized since puppy.
Tuléar Coton Features
The Coton de Tuléar is a small breed dog, longer than tall, with short legs and a proportionately large head. Its back is muscular and slightly convex, and shows a well developed chest, although not too deep. It is a rather thin and muscular dog, trained to perform more physical exercise than it may initially seem.
One of the characteristics of the Coton de Tuléar that attracts the most attention is its face, with a broad black truffle and deep dark eyes, which always maintain an alert expression. Their ears are triangular and hang slightly on both sides of the head. Its tail is also striking, with a low insert that it usually has hanging down, but that it bends over the back when it starts an activity.
The breed of dog Coton de Tuléar may seem fragile at first sight, but nothing is further from reality. It is a robust animal and always prepared for physical activity, and tough enough to run and jump like larger breeds.
Tuléar Coton Size
The breed standard marks an ideal size for females and males. As for females, they should remain between 23 and 25 centimeters, and males should be between 26 and 28 centimeters. On the weight, the most appropriate thing is that they stay between 3.5 and 6 kilos, according to what the FCI marks.
Tuléar Coton Fur
It is easy to guess the type of fur that has the Coton de Tuléar, since it receives its name from the term coton, which in French means cotton. This cottony and soft texture is very special and almost unique in the canine kingdom, besides being very dense and loose. It is quite long too, although it tends to stay in good condition usually. As for the shades, the coat of the Coton de Tuléar is basically white in terms of its background, although traces of gray or red tones are accepted on the ears. Depending on the organization, they may accept other colors, but most often they remain white.
Tuléar Coton Behavior
The Coton de Tuléar is a dog with an excellent temperament, very active, playful and cheerful. He is sociable by nature and affectionate, so they are perfect family pets. They are also very intelligent, so they learn orders easily, and tend to obey their owners without resistance.
They can create dependence on their family and need to spend most of their time together, so they are not recommended for people who spend too much time away from home, as they may develop anxiety about separation.
Although they are friendly and kind in nature, it is recommended to make a correct socialization with them from puppies, since otherwise they can be somewhat shy and scary of adults.
They get along very well with children, as long as they maintain a respectful relationship and children do not harm the animal. They are easy to deal with, educate and teach all kinds of tricks. Making a positive training, it will be possible to enjoy a fun and perfectly balanced pet, unbeatable in all aspects.
Main diseases of the Coton de Tuléar
The Coté de Tuléar is generally a fairly healthy breed of dog, which has no associated diseases due to its genetics. However, you should never neglect the health of the dog, so regular visits to the veterinarian are recommended to rule out any eventual problems and to keep your vaccination and deworming calendar up to date.
Despite the density and length of its fur, Tuléar's cot barely loses hair, so not much care is necessary as in other races. Yes it is advisable to brush daily to avoid the formation of knots or tangles that can cause the hair to lose quality or be damaged, but if done well, it will not be necessary to take it to the hairdresser unless it is desired.
Similarly, bathrooms are not necessary too often. A bath every 6 or 8 weeks is enough for the mantle to remain in perfect condition. It is recommended however to dry the hair properly in each bath, because moisture could cause problems in your skin.
As in any other breed, it is very important to provide the animal with a quality diet, in a suitable ration to avoid taking too much weight. It is not a dog that tends to gain weight as easily as other breeds, but it is still advisable to limit the prizes even during training.
This dog enjoys a large amount of energy, so he needs an appropriate level of exercise to be able to eliminate it. The good thing is that its size allows you to exercise and play inside the house, but these games should always be complemented with trips to the street to walk and socialize with other animals.
The Coté de Tuléar is a dog that demands a lot of attention and company, but at the same time easy to educate. He will have a hard time if he has to live in isolation, but he will be happy sharing his family's daily activities.
Curiosities of the Coton de Tuléar
His resemblance to the Maltese bichon is such that puppies are practically impossible to differentiate between the two races. As adults, these differences go through the size, and Tuléar's coton is slightly larger, the shape of its head, and the shades of its fur. In both cases, the hair is white, but the cot admits some fringes of other shades, which does not happen in the case of Maltese.
This dog adapts to life in any place due to its small size, but its high level of energy makes it demand its own space where you can run and let off steam, making it perfect for families with a garden.
If you are not sure if a copy belongs to the Coton de Tuléar race or the Maltese bichon, there are several options to define your breed according to the standard. You can go to the vet so you can check and compare its characteristics. Similarly, judges of canine beauty contests can give you the solution about the breed because of their experience. Finally, the FCI can review the measures and characteristics of a specimen to define its breed.
If you want to share your life with an animal of this breed, always bet on going to a reliable breeder with experience in the breed, because only then will you have the puppy's health guarantees and all the information you may need about the breed. In addition, in this way you will have no doubt about which breed your new pet belongs to. Never trust pet stores or private sales where puppies have a dubious origin, because that way you favor the indiscriminate breeding of puppies.
The Coton is a very small dog with a height at the cross of approximately 25 cm and a body weight around 3-5 kg, figures that are slightly lower in females.
Your body is significantly longer than tall. The head has a triangular shape. The snout is short and the black truffle. The ears are high, long and hanging, while the eyes are large and round, very expressive.
The fur and its care
The most striking physical characteristic of the Coton de Tuléar is undoubtedly its soft and spongy coat, with a texture and an appearance reminiscent of that of cotton.
It is important to regularly trim your hair, especially that of the face, to avoid ending up making your vision difficult. To avoid tangles you have to brush it about three or four times a week, especially in some areas such as the back of the ears and legs.
The more we brush our Coton, the less frequently we will have to bathe it. When we do, it is best to use special dog shampoo. After bathing, instead of drying it with a towel, it is better to brush it again to avoid knots.
How to educate a Coton de Tuléar?
The Coton de Tuléar is considered as a very intelligent dog that also shows itself at all times eager to please. This makes your training relatively simple and you learn many things very quickly.
This breed usually stands out in dog competitions of obedience and agility. Simply invest only a little time and effort in your training to get great results. The only thing to avoid is not to resort to too hard training methods.
The adorable Coton de Tuléar can become a very manipulative dog and its owners may fall into the error of forgiving their mischief and misconduct. If we are too permissive, all we will get is to have a dominant and difficult to control dog.
In addition to maintaining these discipline minimums, it is advisable to accustom our Coton from puppy to the presence of other people and other dogs, which is undoubtedly the best method to avoid behavioral or aggressive problems when you reach adulthood.
Although it is a breed perfectly adapted to living inside a house, the Coton de Tuléar is a great lover of the outdoors, very active and energetic, as well as very resistant to adverse climates, despite its delicate appearance.
For this reason, this dog requires more exercise than other similar breeds, preferably between 30 and 45 minutes a day of walking and playing. If you do not burn part of your energy every day you can develop behavioral problems.